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The 210 basic syllables

The basic syllables are the core of Nonlen. They have lexical, semantical, morphological and syntactical functions. By combining these syllables, you can express any possible content expressable in a language.
The syllables can be used as whatever part-of-speech. So one syllable can be at the same time a noun, an adjective, or a verb.

E.g. "gan" means "(body) organ, to digest, to process, administration, official"
"wi" means "vision, to see, to perceive, to look"
"ganwi" means "organ to see" i.e. "eye"
"hau" means "house, home, to dwell, domestical"
"haugan" means "house of administration" i.e. "public office, administration office"

The basic syllables are easy to pronounce. They all begin with a consonant and end with either a vowel, a diphtong or a vowel plus "n".

Phonetic form of a basic syllable: C + V (+n) or C + D

where C = {p, b, f, d, t, s, j, c, x, g, k, h, y, w}; V = {i, e, a, o, u}; and D = {ai, au}

I removed six possible syllables because they could be difficult to distinguish from other syllables: {yi, yin, wu, wun, wau, yai}

List of the basic syllables

The first row shows the Nonlen syllable.
The second row shows a possible mnemotechnical term.
The third row shows English translations of the basic word.
The forth row shows the German translations of the basic word.
A
nd finally the fifth row shows the short form used in word-to-word translation.

Nonlen mnemo English deutsch short form
mi me I, me, we, here ich, wir, hier me
tu tu you, there du, ihr, da you
la ella he, she, it, they, yonder er, sie, es, dort s/he
se se, self self selbst self
         
gen agent agent Agent agent
pai pasient patient, let suffer Patient, erleiden lassen patient
bau about focus, that, occupy with, topic Fokus, dass, sich beschäftigen mit focus
         
pa past past, away vergangen, weg past
fu futur future, come Zukunft, kommen future
mai may would, condition(al) würde, Bedingung would
jo   passive, -ed Passiv, ge...t passive
         
be verb verb, predicate Verb, Prädikat verb
lu   noun, argument Substantiv, Argument noun
ha habil adjective, quality Adjektiv, Eigenschaft adjective
ye yang adverb, kind, way, manner Adverb, Art, Weise manner
de de preposition, of, hang Präposition, von, hängen of
jun conjunction conjunction, sentence break Konjunktion conjunction
         
bu bu not, un- nicht, un- not
na no opposite, against Gegenteil, gegen opposite
         
ti this this dies(er) this
ke que which welch(er) which
do dou all, every(thing) alle, alles, jeder all
ni any some, any irgend (ein), etwas any
         
ka kein zero, no null, kein no
wa one one, whole eins, ganz one
du duo two zwei two
san san three drei three
fo four four vier four
pen penta five fünf five
xon   six sechs six
ci qi seven sieben seven
ban ba eight, spider acht, Spinne eight
nai nine nine neun nine
tau thousand thousand, 000 tausend, 000 thousand
         
mu mult many, much, very viel, sehr much
pu plus more, > mehr, > more
so soe, most most, -st, top meist, -st, Spitze most
ga egal equal, be, = gleich, sein, = equal
sin similar similar, approximately, ≈ ähnlich, ungefähr, ≈ similar
cen change different, other, ≠ verschieden, anders, ≠ different
         
lun lun mathematics, logic Mathe, Logik maths
nun numer rank, -th Nummer, Rang, -ter number
he he and, plus, + und, plus, + and
fe frekuens time(s), -ple, * Mal, -fach, * frequent
pi piece, pie part, piece, divide, / Teil, Stück, / part
gu grup gather, group Ansammlung, Gruppe group
         
xi eXIst there is, exist, live es gibt, existieren, leben exist
yo you have haben have
ge get become, get, receive werden get
rai remain stay, rest, remain bleiben, Rest, übrig remain
me make make ..., change sth ... machen, verändern make
dun do do, active tun, aktiv do
fa fasheng happen(ing), fate geschehen, Ereignis happen
da datum give, emanate geben give
te take take nehmen take
         
ken can can, able, possible können, möglich can
bi bi must, duty müssen, Pflicht must
nen neng be allowed, right dürfen, Recht may
rin try try, test versuchen try
         
lo lokal place, at, located Ort, Platz, bei place
wo volum space, room Raum, Volumen space
ya yüan far, distance, away weit, Distanz, weg far
         
tun too above, over, too über, zu sehr over
su sub below, underneath unterhalb below
xan shang on, top, upper, touch auf, oben, berühren on
dau down under, down unten under
cin qian in front, ago vor, vorne before
hin behind behind, after hinter, nach after
sai side next to, side neben, Seite side
win between between, among, or zwischen, oder between
ne nei, inside in, inside innen in
wai wai outside, except außen, außer outside
jon zhong middle, center Mitte middle
je edge border, limit, edge Rand, Grenze, Ecke edge
yen yan pass, follow, according, continuous entlang, gemäß pass
cun chuan through, during durch, während through
         
di direksion go, to, direction (willingly) gehen, nach, Richtung (willentlich) to
son cong, source from, source, since von, Quelle, seit from
ru route way, route Weg way
gai gei goal, for Ziel, für for
mo move move sth etwas bewegen move
fau fall move oneself unwillingly sich unwillentlich bewegen go
ce che drive, car, transport fahren, Fahrzeug car
bun boom dis-, in different directions, burst auseinander, platzen burst
re re re-, back, again zurück, wieder back
         
fon form form, shape Form form
pun punkt dot, point, exact Punkt, genau point
lin lin line, straight Linie, gerade line
ku kurv bent, arch krumm, Bogen curve
rau round circle, round Kreis, rund circle
cau qiu sphere, orb Kugel sphere
xun kruca, X-ing meet, cross treffen, Kreuz meet
ta tar, tiao stripe, belt Streifen, Gürtel stripe
pan pattern pattern, net Muster, Netz pattern
pin pin horizontal, level waagerecht, Ebene lie
we vertikal vertical, stand senkrecht, stehen stand
dan diagonal diagonal, steep, strange schräg, schief, seltsam diagonal
         
ten tempo time Zeit time
kai kaixi start Beginn start
pau pauz break, interruption Pause interrupt
fin final end Ende end
dai day day Tag day
         
pe pres push, press drücken push
ho hold hold, tight fest-, halten hold
nu nupt connect, tie together, marriage binden, Ehe connect
kan cut cut, damage schneiden cut
         
mau materi physics, scientific Physik physics
sun substans substance, matter Substanz substance
po power power, strong Kraft, stark strong
jin jin metal Metall metal
li likuid liquid, wet flüssig liquid
ro rok hard, solid hart, fest hard
ra rapid fast schnell fast
fai fire warm, hot, fire warm, scharf warm
         
tai tai condition, state Zustand state
gi giant big groß big
min mini small, diminutive klein, -chen small
lon long long lang long
gau gau, glad high, glad, fun hoch, Freude, Spaß high
din thin thin, narrow, powder dünn, schmal, Pulver thin
ton ton heavy, difficult schwer, schwierig heavy
men men open, public offen open
gin higien clean, pure, foam sauber, rein, Schaum clean
         
sa Sache thing, object Ding, Sache thing
ki create create, build erzeugen, bauen create
yun use tool, use Werkzeug, nutzen tool
wan vas container, vessel Behälter, Gefäß container
can cam cloth, dress Kleidung, Stoff cloth
kin macchina machine, device Maschine machine
ju ju furniture Möbel furniture
         
bin building building Gebäude building
hau house house, home Haus, Heim house
ca città, stadt settlement, dwell Siedlung settle
         
don dong animal, beast Tier animal
ji ji plant, green Pflanze, grün plant
gun gurn dough, cereal, bread Teig, Korn cereal
fun frukt fruit, orange (colour) Frucht, orange fruit
mun mu tree, wood Baum, Holz tree
ran ziran nature, wild Natur, wild nature
tan tian heaven, sky, blue Himmel, blau heaven
ri ri sun, star, yellow Sonne, Gestirn, gelb sun
yu yu weather, steam Wetter, Dampf steam
fen feng air, fly Luft air
pon nippon earth, soil, floor, brown Erde, Boden, braun earth
hai hai sea, wave, very much, salt Meer, Welle, sehr viel, Salz sea
jai jalid, ice ice, cold, white, fear Eis, kalt, weiß, Angst ice
         
ba body body (part) Körper(teil) body
gan organ, guan organ, administration Organ organ
won volos hair, cord, rope Haar, Schnur cord
to tou head Kopf head
xen shen trunk, full, fat Rumpf, voll, fett trunk
han hand hand, help Hand hand
le leg leg, bar Bein, Stab leg
         
man manger eat, meal essen eat
cai chai drink trinken drink
fi safid, fik sex, gender Sex sex
         
hon honey sweet, cute süß sweet
sau sour sour, acid sauer sour
xo tOXic bitter, poison, regret bitter, Gift, bedauern bitter
         
ko kolor colour Farbe colour
xai shine bright, light hell, Licht light
hen hei dark, black dunkel, schwarz dark
run run red, blood, violent rot, Blut, Gewalt red
         
wi vizion see, perceive, search sehen see
hi hear hear, rumour hören hear
co chou smell, flower Geruch, Blume smell
jau zhao sense, skin Empfindung, Haut sense
ja jamil beautiful schön beautiful
fan fan art, artificial Kunst, künstlich art
         
xin xin emotion, feel Emotion, fühlen emotion
tin think mind, think Geist, denken think
den deng expect, wait, sit (er)warten, sitzen wait
nau know know wissen, kennen know
yau yao want, wish wollen, wünschen want
lai like, ai love, like lieben, mögen love
         
xu shuo say, communicate sagen, mitteilen say
len language speak, tongue sprechen, Zunge speak
xe xie write, letter, sheet schreiben, Brief write
wen wen question, ask, if Frage, ob ask
xau show symbol, refer, show Zeichen, Hinweis, zeigen sign
nin signifik meaning, important Bedeutung, wichtig meaning
non nom name, designation Name name
         
kun con, kun together, with, accompany zusammen, mit with
kon kontrol power, control, politics Macht, kontrollieren control
jan jang fight, conflict, anger Kampf, Konflikt, Ärger fight
lan land land, state, national Land, Staat land
bai buy trade, economical Handel trade
mon money money, worth, pay Geld, Wert money
gon gong work, professional Arbeit work
ron rol instead, represent, roll anstelle, vertreten, Rolle represent
         
cu chouxiang abstract, „shift“ abstrakt abstract
hun hun soul, metaphysical Seele, metaphysisch soul
bon bon good, simple gut, einfach good
hu hu bad, evil schlecht bad
jen zhen real, true echt, wahr real
yan an safe, certain sicher safe
no nobel special, specific, lilac, noble besonders, violett, edel special
con tion -ity, quality -heit, Eigenschaft ity
si sistem system, plan System, Plan system
go kategori category, class Kategorie, Klasse category
kau kauza cause, because Ursache, wegen cause
         
ren ren human, person Mensch, Person person
xa isha woman, female Frau woman
nan nan man, male Mann man
yon young young, child, early jung, Kind young
lau lao old, grey, late alt, grau old
ma mama parent, ancestor, mother, father Elter, Vorfahre parent
ben ben offspring, next, follow Nachkomme, nächster, folgen offspring
bo brother sibling, brother, sister Geschwister sibling
sen senor sir, polite, title Herr, höflich, Titel polite